Verbos em inglês

Carla Muniz

Os verbos são parte fundamental de todo processo de comunicação oral ou escrita.

Constituindo uma importante parte do vocabulário de qualquer idioma, os verbos permitem que seja possível situar um discurso no tempo.

Em outras palavras, através da flexão verbal utilizada, conseguimos indicar se nossa comunicação se refere ao passado, ao presente ou ao futuro.

Como na língua inglesa isso não é diferente, separamos para você uma lista que inclui um total de 100 principais verbos em inglês com tradução.

Consulte também o Simple Past e o Past Participle de cada verbo.

Verbo Tradução Simple Past Past Participle Exemplo
To allow permitir, autorizar allowed allowed

Smoking is not allowed here. (Não é permitido fumar aqui.)

To add adicionar added added

She added him on Facebook. (Ela o adicionou no Facebook.)

To appear aparecer appeared appeared

They appeared on TV. (Eles apareceram na TV.)

To ask 1. perguntar; 2. pedir asked asked 1. He asked my name. (Ele perguntou meu nome.) 2. She asked him to close the door. (Ela pediu para ele fechar a porta.)
To be 1. ser; 2. estar was; were been 1. I was really tired. (Eu estava muito cansado.) 2. They were my teachers. (Eles eram meus professores.)
To become tornar-se became become

We became friends. (Nos tornamos amigos.)

To begin começar began begun

The film had begun when we arrived. (O filme tinha começado quando chegamos.)

To believe acreditar believed believed

I believe our team will win. (Eu acredito que nosso time vá ganhar.)

To bring trazer brought brought

I brought my sister to the party. (Eu trouxe minha irmã para a festa.)

To build construir built built A new building was built in front of the park. (Foi construído um novo prédio em frente ao parque.)
To buy comprar bought bought

I need to buy a new bikini. (Preciso comprar um biquíni novo.)

To call 1. telefonar; 2. chamar called called 1. I will call Mary and invite her for my party. (Vou telefonar para a Mary e convidá-la para a minha festa.) 2. She called her mom to come see the puppy. (Ela chamou a mãe para vir ver o filhote de cachorro.)
Can poder; conseguir could x He could ride a bike when he was 3. (Ele conseguia andar de bicicleta aos 3 anos.)
To change mudar, alterar changed changed

I changed my vacation destiny. (Mudei meu destino de férias.)

To consider considerar considered considered

I consider him family. (Eu o considero da família.)

To continue continuar continued continued

She can’t continue with the project. (Ela não pode continuar com o projeto.)

Could poderia x x I could have traveled to New York if I had the money. (Eu poderia ter viajado para Nova Iorque se eu tivesse dinheiro.)
To come vir came come

She came earlier than I thought. (Ela veio mais cedo do que eu pensava.)

To create criar created created The company created new jobs for the city. (A empresa criou novos empregos para a cidade.)
To cut cortar cut cut

He cut the pizza in eight slices. (Ele cortou a pizza em oito fatias.)

To die morrer died died

He died in a car accident. (Ele morreu em um acidente de carro.)

To do fazer did done

They did a very good job. (Eles fizeram um trabalho muito bom.)

To expect esperar expected expected

I was expecting his phone call. (Eu estava esperando o telefonema dele.)

To fall cair fell fallen An orange fell from the tree. (Caiu uma laranja da árvore.)
To feel sentir felt felt

I felt really happy with the news. (Eu me senti muito feliz com a notícia.)

To find encontrar found found

I found the keys under the bed. (Encontrei as chaves embaixo da cama.)

To fold dobrar folded folded Sally folded the sheet. (Sally dobrou o lençol.)
To follow 1. seguir; 2. acompanhar followed followed

1. Jack was followed by a stranger. (Jack foi seguido por um estranho.) 2. I have followed their discussion. (Eu acompanhei a discussão deles.)

To get 1. pegar; 2. conseguir got gotten 1. Don’t forget to get the keys. (Não se esqueça de pegar as chaves.) 2. She got a new job. (Ela conseguiu um novo emprego.)
To give dar gave given

He gave me flowers everyday. (Ele me deu flores todos os dias.)

To go ir went gone

They went to the USA last year. (Eles foram para os Estados Unidos no ano passado.)

To grow crescer grew grown

These plants only grow in the tropics. (Estas plantas só crescem nos trópicos.)

To happen acontecer happened happened

What happened? (O que aconteceu?)

To have ter had had

She had a yellow bike when she was a kid. (Ela tinha uma bicicleta amarela quando era criança.)

To hear ouvir heard heard

I heard a noise. (Eu ouvi um barulho.)

To help ajudar helped helped

He used to help his mom with the housework. (Ele costumava ajudar a mãe com as tarefas de casa.)

To hold segurar held held Hold my hand while crossing the street. (Segure minha mão quando atravessar a rua.)
To include incluir included included

I included his name in the VIP list. (Incluí o nome dele na lista VIP.)

To keep continuar, manter kept kept He kept singing the same song during the whole day. (Ele continuou cantando a mesma música o dia todo.)
To kill matar killed killed

He was killed in a robbery. (Ele foi morto em um assalto.)

To know saber knew known

I didn’t know she was pregnant. (Eu não sabia que ela estava grávida.)

To lead liderar led led Michael used to lead the baseball team. (Michael costumava liderar o time de baseball.)
To leave sair left left I left home at 10. (Eu saí de casa às 10h.)
To learn aprender learned learned

He learned how to speak Japanese. (Ele aprendeu a falar japonês.)

To let deixar, permitir let let

I let him go out with his friends. (Eu deixei ele sair com os amigos dele.)

To like gostar liked liked We liked the movie a lot. (Nós gostamos muito do filme.)
To look 1. olhar; 2. parecer looked looked 1. She looked at her sister and smiled. (Ela olhou para a irmã e sorriu.) 2. He looked tired. (Ele pareceu cansado.)
To lose perder lost lost I lost my wallet. (Perdi minha carteira.)
To love amar loved loved I love my dog. (Eu amo meu cachorro.)
To make fazer made made I made a chocolate cake. (Fiz um bolo de chocolate.)
To mean significar meant meant What does it mean? (O que isso significa?)
To meet encontrar (com alguém) met met

We met in front of the shopping mall. (Nos encontramos em frente ao shopping.)

To move 1. mover; 2. mudar (de residência) moved moved 1. He made his opponent move. (Ele fez o adversário se mover.) 2. We moved to Portugal in March. (Nós nos mudamos para Portugal em março.)
May (possibilidade) poder x x He may arrive late. (Ele pode chegar atrasado.)
Might (possibilidade) poder x x It might rain tomorrow. (Pode chover amanhã.)
Must (obrigação) ter que x x

You must arrive 2 hours earlier. (Você tem que chegar 2 horas antes.)

To need precisar needed needed

They need to buy a bigger car. (Eles precisam comprar um carro maior.)

To offer oferecer offered offered

He offered me a ride. (Ele me ofereceu carona.)

To open abrir opened

opened

They always leave the door open. (Eles sempre deixam a porta aberta.)

To pay pagar paid paid

All my bills are paid. (Todas as minhas contas estão pagas.)

To play 1. brincar; 2. jogar played played

The kids are playing in the yard. (As crianças estão brincando no jardim.) 2. We play basketball every Sunday. (Nós jogamos basquete todos os domingos.)

To provide fornecer provided provided

The director provided everything that was needed for the project. (O diretor forneceu tudo o que era necessário para o projeto.)

To put colocar put put Put your baggage under your seat. (Coloque sua bagagem embaixo do seu assento.)
To reach alcançar reached reached

I am not tall enough to reach that shelf. (Não sou alta o suficiente para alcançar aquela prateleira.)

To read ler read read I’ve read all of his books. (Eu li todos os livros dele.)
To remain continuar, permanecer remained remained

I remained alert during the night. (Permaneci alerta durante a noite.)

To remember lembrar remembered remembered Do you remember the time when we fell in love? (Você lembra da época em que nos apaixonamos?)
To run 1. correr; 2. ser executado (informática) ran run

My brother has run 3 marathons. (Meu irmão correu 3 maratonas.) 2. The app is running. (O aplicativo está sendo executado.)

To say dizer said said

She said she would come. (Ela disse que viria.)

To see ver saw seen

I have already seen that movie. (Eu já vi aquele filme.)

To seem parecer seemed seemed

They seemed happy. (Eles pareciam felizes.)

To send enviar sent sent He has sent me a letter. (Ele me enviou uma carta.)
To serve servir served served

They served wine at the party. (Eles serviram vinho na festa.)

To set 1. definir; 2. configurar set set 1. The conference is set for this year. (A conferência está definida para este ano.) 2. I set the alarm for 6 a.m. (Configurei o alarme para as 6h.)
Should deve, deveria x x

You should study for the exam. (Você deveria estudar para a prova.)

To show mostrar showed shown

He showed me how to change a flat tire. (Ele me mostrou como mudar um pneu furado.)

To sit sentar sat sat She sat next to the window. (Ela sentou perto da janela.)
To speak falar spoke spoken

He speaks German. (Ele fala alemão.)

To spend 1. passar; 2. gastar spent spent

1. I spent my vacations in Albuquerque. (Passei minhas férias em Albuquerque.) 2. She spent all the money she received. (Ela gastou todo o dinheiro que recebeu.)

To stand 1. ficar em pé; 2. aguentar stood stood 1. He stood by the door. (Ele ficou em pé perto da porta.) 2. I can’t stand it anymore. (Não aguento mais isso.)
To start começar started started The game started at 6. (O jogo começou às 6.)
To stay ficar stayed stayed He stayed up late. (Ele ficou acordado até tarde.)
To stop parar stopped stopped

They stopped talking when we arrived. (Eles pararam de conversar quando nós chegamos.)

To take 1. pegar; 2. levar took took 1. He took my hand. (Ele pegou a minha mão.) 2. We took him to school. (Nós o levamos para a escola.)
To talk 1. falar; 2. conversar talked talked

1. She talked to him. (Ela falou com ele.) 2. They were talking about the accident. (Eles estavam conversando sobre o acidente.)

To tell dizer told told

I told him to come visit me on Saturday. (Eu disse a ele para vir me visitar no sábado.)

To think 1. pensar; 2. achar thought thought

1. I thought of him every day. (Eu pensei nele todos os dias.) 2. She thought I wouldn’t come. (Ela achou que eu não viria.)

To try 1. tentar; 2. experimentar tried tried

1. I tried to lift that box but it’s too heavy. (Tentei levantar aquela caixa mas ela é muito pesada.) 2. Have you tried mashed potatoes with cheese? (Você já experimentou purê de batata com queijo?)

To turn virar turned turned

He has turned the button to the left. (Ele virou o botão para a esquerda.)

To understand entender understood understood

They understood what I was saying. (Eles entenderam o que eu estava dizendo.)

To use usar used used

I used this book to do the research. (Eu usei este livro para fazer a pesquisa.)

To wait esperar waited waited I waited for him. (Eu esperei por ele.)
To walk caminhar walked walked

We walked for 3 hours. (Caminhamos por 3 horas.)

To want querer wanted wanted

We wanted to visit Kelly. (Queríamos visitar a Kelly.)

To watch assistir watched watched They watched the game at the restaurant. (Eles assistiram o jogo em um restaurante.)
Will indica futuro x x

I will travel to Portugal in March. (Viajarei para Portugal em março.)

To win vencer won won

I won the lottery. (Ganhei na loteria.)

To work trabalhar worked worked

We worked together last year. (Nós trabalhamos juntas no ano passado.)

Would indica possibilidade x x I would travel more if I had the money. (Eu viajaria mais se tivesse dinheiro.)

Para saber mais sobre os verbos em inglês, veja também:

Carla Muniz
Carla Muniz
Professora, lexicógrafa, tradutora, produtora de conteúdos e revisora. Licenciada em Letras (Português, Inglês e Literaturas) pelas Faculdades Integradas Simonsen, em 2002.