Verbo To Have


O verbo to have (verb to have) é um verbo irregular do inglês que significa ter, possuir.

É um dos verbos mais usuais do inglês que indica posse. Além de ser utilizado como verbo principal, ele pode desempenhar o papel de verbo auxiliar.

Verbo To Have Como Auxiliar

Como auxiliar, o verbo to have é usado nas formas verbais do tempo Perfeito (Verb Forms of the Perfect Tense):

Outro verbo muito utilizado como auxiliar no inglês é o verbo to be (ser, estar).

Have Got

O “have got” é um verbo frasal muito utilizado no inglês para falar principalmente de características pessoais, por exemplo: She has got a blond hair. (Ela tem o cabelo loiro).

Obs: O verbo have também é usado em expressões cotidianas, por exemplo: Have a nice day. (tenha um bom dia); Have a good time (divirta-se).

Conjugação do Verbo To Have

Para complementar seus estudos sobre o verbo to have, confira abaixo as conjugações em todos os tempos verbais:

Simple PresentPresent Continuous
I haveI am having
You haveYou are having
He/She/It hasHe/She/It is having
We haveWe are having
You haveYou are having
They haveThey are having
Simple PastPast Continuous
I hadI was having
You hadYou were having
He/She/It hadHe/She/It was having
We hadWe were having
You hadYou were having
They hadThey were having
Simple FutureFuture Continuous
I will haveI will be having
You will haveYou will be having
He/She/It will haveHe/She/It will be having
We will haveWe will be having
You will haveYou will be having
They will haveThey will be having
Present Perfect SimplePresent Perfect Continuous
I have hadI have been having
You have hadYou have been having
He/She/It has hadHe/She/It has been having
We have hadWe have been having
You have hadYou have been having
They have hadThey have been having
Past PerfectPast Perfect Continuous
I had hadI had been having
You had hadYou had been having
He/She/It had hadHe/She/It had been having
We had hadWe had been having
You had hadYou had been having
They had hadThey had been having
Future PerfectFuture Perfect Continuous
I will have hadI will have been having
You will have hadYou will have been having
He/She/It will have hadHe/She/It will have been having
We will have hadWe will have been having
You will have hadYou will have been having
They will have hadThey will have been having

Exemplos

Veja abaixo algumas frases (afirmativas, negativas e interrogativas) com o verbo to have:

Forma Afirmativa (Affirmative Form)

Exemplos:

I have a new car and a new house. (Eu tenho um novo carro e uma nova casa)
You will have a new job. (Você terá um novo emprego)
Brenda had two kids. (Brenda tinha dois filhos)

No Simple Future, o verbo pode aparecer de forma contraída:

I will have (I'll have)
You will have (You'll have)
He will have (He'll have)
She will have (She'll have)
It will have (It'll have)
We will have (We'll have)
You will have (You'll have)
They will have (They'll have)

Forma Negativa (Negative Form)

Exemplos:

I do not have a new car and a new house. (Eu não tenho um novo carro e uma nova casa)
You will not have a new job. (Você não terá um novo emprego)
Brenda did not have two kids. (Brenda não tinha dois filhos)

Atenção! (Pay Attention!)

No Simple Present (presente simples), a forma negativa pode aparecer na forma contraída, expressa da seguinte maneira:

I do not have (I don't have)
You do not have (You don't have)
He/She/It does not have (He/She/It doesn't have)
We do not have (We don't have)
You do not have (You don't have)
They do not have (They don't have)

No Simple Past (Passado simples), a forma contraída do verbo to have é:

I did not have (I didn't have)
You did not have (You didn't have)
He/She/It did not have (He/She/It didn't have)
We did not have (We didn't have)
You did not have (You didn't have)
They did not have (They didn't have)

No Simple Future (Futuro Simples), a forma contraída do verbo to have é:

I will not have (I'll not have / I won't have)
You will not have (You'll not have / You won't have)
He will not have (He'll not have / He won't have)
She will not have (She'll not have / She won't have)
It will not have (It'll not have / It won't have)
We will not have (We'll not have / We won't have)
You will not have (You'll not have / You won't have)
They will not have (They'll not have / They won't have)

Forma Interrogativa (Interrogative Form)

Exemplos:

Do I have a new car and a new house? (Eu tenho um novo carro e uma nova casa?)
Will you have a new job? (Você terá um novo emprego?)
Did Brenda have two kids? (Brenda tinha dois filhos?)

Obs: Nas frases negativas e interrogativas as formas verbais "do" e "does" servem de auxiliar. No passado, é utilizado o “did”. Quando usamos o did, o verbo principal não é flexionado, ou seja, ele permanece na forma normal. Quando usado no futuro, o verbo auxiliar é o "will".

Saiba mais sobre os verbos no inglês:

Exercícios (Exercises)

1. Preencha as lacunas com o verbo have no simple present:

a) Junior _______ blue eyes.
b) Melissa ______ two cats and five dogs.
c) Lucas and Amanda ______ three daughters and two sons.
d) You ______ a lot of good friends.
e) My neighbour ______ a big house.

a) has got
b) has
c) have
d) have
e) has

2. Escreva nas formas negativa e interrogativa a frase abaixo:

They have a good job.

Negative Form: They do not have a good job
Interrogative Form: Do they have a good job?

3. Em qual das frases abaixo o verbo have está conjugado corretamente no simple past?

a) I don't have any choice.
b) Do you have children?
c) Sabrina has two brothers.
d) They have a house in Brazil.
e) Did he have a lot of homework?

Alternativa E.