Relative Pronouns


Os pronomes relativos em inglês (relative pronouns) são palavras utilizadas como sujeito e objetos em relação ao verbo principal.

Na frase, eles fazem referência a um termo que já foi citado anteriormente.

Quando exercem a função de sujeito, os pronomes relativos vêm acompanhados por um verbo. Por sua vez, se exercem a função de objeto, são seguidos por um substantivo ou pronome.

Confira abaixo uma tabela com os principais pronomes relativos:

Relative PronounsTradução
Whoquem, que, o qual
Whomquem
Whosecujo, cuja, cujos, cujas
Whichque, o qual, o que
Whereonde, em que, no que, no qual, na qual, nos quais, nas quais
Whenquando, em que, no qual, na qual, nos quais, nas quais
Thatque
Whato que

Usos

Alguns pronomes são utilizados para pessoas, coisas ou ambos. Por exemplo, o who e o whom são utilizados para pessoas e o which é para coisas. Já para pessoas e coisas utilizamos o that.

Note que o pronome whose é utilizado para indicar posse. E isso vale tanto para pessoas como coisas.

O pronome where faz referência a lugares, o when ao tempo e o what a algo que é sujeito ou objeto da frase.

Importante destacar que os pronomes relativos são também utilizados como pronomes interrogativos. No entanto, nesse caso, eles são usados em perguntas (question words).

Examples (Exemplos)

  • The man who lives here is a engineer. (O homem que vive aqui é engenheiro)
  • The girl about whom you are talking is my roommate. (A garota de quem você está falando é minha companheira de quarto)
  • He is an writer whose work I admire. (Ele é um escritor cujo trabalho eu admiro)
  • The bride needs to decide which dress to wear. (A noiva precisa decidir qual vestido usar)
  • I know where the books are. (Eu sei onde estão os livros)
  • I was talking with him when she arrived. (Eu estava falando com ele quando ela chegou)
  • The girl that arrived is beautiful. (A menina que chegou é linda)
  • I don't know what happened last week. (Eu não sei o que aconteceu na semana passada)

Caiu no Vestibular!

(Unicentro-2010)

VISITING LONDON

Today, more than 6.000.000 people live in London and every year, more than nine million people come from countries all over the world to visit the city.

A quick and easy way to get to different places in the city is to use an Underground train. The trains run all day and most of the night. You can see much more of London from one of its famous red buses. There are some special buses for visitors that take you to many of the interesting places in the city on one journey that takes about one and a half hour. London taxis are called ‘black cabs’. Most of them are black but some are not. The drivers are friendly and helpful. It’s also possible to take a long boat trip along the River Thames and see lovely places in London and out of the city.

London has interesting old buildings to visit, many of them are hundreds of years old: The Buckingham Palace – the home of the Queen; the Tower Bridge – opened in 1894, The Houses of the Parliament – the home of the British government and beautiful churches: St. Paul’s Cathedral and Westminster Abbey. This abbey is where many kings and queens are crowned – or get the throne – and where the royal family get married.

London has beautiful parks and gardens, theatres, museums and art galleries. There are also streets with famous shops and markets and international restaurants and English pubs where you can drink the English beer. The typical English food is fish and chips. They’re cheap and good to eat. But there are many, many more things to see and do in London. Come and see!

(Adapted from London Factfiles – J. Escott – Oxford Bookworms 1)

In this sentence “This abbey is where many kings and queens are crowned.” (3rd paragraph, last sentence) we have an example of a relative pronoun. Mark the sentence where the relative pronoun is used wrongly:

a) Jack has three brothers, all of whom are married.
b) Jim passed his driving test which surprised everybody.
c) The hotel where I stayed wasn’t very clean.
d) What was the name of the person whose car broke down?
e) I recently went back to the town which I was brought up in.

Alternativa e: I recently went back to the town which I was brought up in.

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