Object Pronouns

Daniela Diana

Os object pronouns, pronomes objetos em inglês, são um tipo de pronome pessoal que funcionam como objetos do verbo ou da preposição numa sentença.

Eles são utilizados para substituir nomes de pessoas, animais ou coisas que tem a função de objetos diretos ou indiretos na frase.

No português, chamamos esse tipo de pronomes de "pronomes pessoais do caso oblíquo".

Diferente dos subject pronouns, que funcionam como sujeitos que praticam a ação, os object pronouns recebem a ação.

Exemplo:

I love my mom. (eu amo minha mãe)
I love her. (eu amo ela)

Tabela

Object PronounTradução
Meme, mim
Youlhe, o, a, te, ti, a você
Himlhe, o, a ele
Herlhe, a, a ela
Itlhe, o, a
Usnos
Youvos, lhes, a vocês
Themlhes, os, as

Regras: Como usar?

Os object pronouns fazem parte do predicado da frase. Assim, eles são sempre empregados após os verbos e as preposições.

Como podemos observar na tabela acima, eles são utilizados no singular (me, you, him, her, it) e no plural (us, you, them).

Além da forma masculina e feminina, o “it” é uma forma neutra utilizada para se referir aos animais, objetos, lugares, tempo, ideias e sentimentos.

Exemplos

  • Elisabeth do not like me. (Elisabeth não gosta de mim)
  • My sister called you last week. (Minha prima te ligou semana passada)
  • Tom took her to work Tuesday. (Tom levou-a para o trabalho na terça-feira.)
  • I like this film. I saw it last month. (Eu gosto deste filme. Eu o vi no mês passado)
  • Mara always writes letters to us. (Mara sempre escreve cartas para nós.)
  • They bought you many gifts. (Eles compraram para vocês muitos presentes).
  • He told them the truth. (Ele disse-lhes a verdade)

Exercícios de Vestibular – Exercises

1. (UDESC-2010)

Touched by An Angel (By Maya Angelou)

We, unaccustomed to courage
exiles from delight
live coiled in shells of loneliness
until love leaves its high holy temple
and comes into our sight
to liberate us into life.

Love arrives
and in its train come ecstasies
old memories of pleasure
ancient histories of pain.
Yet if we are bold,
love strikes away the chains of fear
from our souls.

We are weaned from our timidity
In the flush of love's light
we dare be brave
And suddenly we see
that love costs all we are
and will ever be.
Yet it is only love
which sets us free.

The words “We” (line 1), “our” (line 5), “us” (line 6), are consecutively:

a) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun, object pronoun
b) object pronoun, possessive adjective, personal pronoun
c) object pronoun, personal pronoun, possessive adjective
d) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun, possessive adjective
e) personal pronoun, possessive adjective, object pronoun

Alternativa e: personal pronoun, possessive adjective, object pronoun

2. (UEMG-2012) In the sentence “All over the globe are historical mysteries left to us by the ancient world”, the word us is

a) a personal subject pronoun.
b) a personal object pronoun.
c) a possessive adjective pronoun.
d) none of the above.

Alternativa b: a personal object pronoun.

3. (UPE-2014)

THE BIRTH OF THE INTERNET: A HISTORICAL FEAT

In 1969 the world had its eyes turned to what was undoubtedly to become a historical feat: the first human being setting foot on the moon. However, in that same year something else of much importance was happening as well: the Internet was coming into being.

Usually when we think of a historical feat, we think of something big, like the first voyage to the moon. But more often than not, we find that the most meaningful events in history spring from what is viewed in their time as an unimportant fact. A case in point is exactly what the figure above represents: the birth of the Internet.

It is difficult to pinpoint the exact moment when the Internet was born. The World Wide Web is indeed the result of a number of interrelated events that can be traced back to the first artificial satellite –the Russian (then Soviet) Sputnik – being put into orbit around the earth back in the 1950’s. But it was in l969 that “… four host computers were connected together into the initial ARPANET, and the budding Internet was off the ground”. The diagram above shows the first four places ever linked via the Internet which was then called the ARPANET. They are US organizations: the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Stanford Research Institute (SRI), the University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB) and the University of Utah (UTAH).

Little by little the Internet started spreading everywhere because of new technological advancements and today it is so important that our lives would not be the same without it. Of course going to the moon was an extremely important event as well, a real historical feat, but the birth of the Internet has proved to be the most significant historical fact, and feat, in the recent past of the history of mankind.

(MITRANO-NETO, N; LOUREIRO, M; ANTUNES, Alice M. Insight. Richmond Publishing Editora. São Paulo, 2004. Adaptado.)

Analyzing the word “it” in the last paragraph, we can say that

a) both are related to “Internet”.
b) the first “it” is related to “everywhere”.
c) the second “it” is related to “lives”.
d) the first “it” is related to a prepositon.
e) the second “it” is related to a verb.

Alternativa a: both are related to “Internet”.

Still analyzing the word “it” in the last paragraph, we can say that

I. the first “it” is a subject pronoun.
II. the second “it” is an object pronoun.
III. both are personal pronouns.
IV. the first “it” is a possessive adjective.
V. the second “it” is a possessive pronoun

It is CORRECT

a) I and V.
b) II, III, and IV.
c) III, IV, and V.
d) II and IV.
e) I and II.

Alternativa e: I and II.

Leia também:

Subject Pronouns
Pronomes em Inglês
Pronomes Pessoais em Inglês
Adjetivos em inglês
Who e whom
Which e what

Daniela Diana
Daniela Diana
Licenciada em Letras pela Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) em 2008 e Bacharelada em Produção Cultural pela Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) em 2014. Amante das letras, artes e culturas, desde 2012 trabalha com produção e gestão de conteúdos on-line.