Past Continuous

Daniela Diana

O Past Continuous ou Past Progressive (Passado Contínuo ou Progressivo) é um tempo verbal utilizado para indicar ações contínuas que estavam ocorrendo em determinado momento do passado.

Quando utilizar o Past Continuous?

Confira os casos onde o Past Continuous deve ser utilizado.

1. Para expressar duas ou mais ações que acontecem ao mesmo tempo no passado

Nesse caso, é muito comum o uso do while (enquanto).

Exemplos:

  • I was reading a book while he was watching TV. (Eu estava lendo um livro enquanto ele estava assistindo TV).
  • My father was washing the dishes while my mother was vacuumming the house. (Meu pai estava lavando a louça enquanto minha mãe estava passando o aspirador na casa.)
  • While the girls were playing basketball, the boys were playing volleyball. (Enquanto as meninas estavam jogando basquete, os meninos estavam jogando vôlei.)

2. Para expressar uma ação contínua no passado que já estava acontecendo quando outra mais pontual, também estava ocorrendo no passado

Nesse caso, a ação pontual no passado é expressa pelo Simple Past.

Exemplos:

  • I was watching Brazil’s game when the phone rang. (Eu estava assistindo o jogo do Brasil quando o telefone tocou.)
  • We were talking when the teacher arrived. (Estávamos conversando quando a professora chegou.)
  • They were studying when somebody rang the bell. (Eles estavam estudando quando alguém tocou a campainha.)

3. Para expressar uma ação contínua habitual que ocorria no passado

Nesse caso, geralmente são empregados advérbios de frequência, como os indicados abaixo:

  • constantly (constantemente);
  • often (frequentemente);
  • rarely (raramente);
  • occassionally (ocasionalmente);
  • weekly (semanalmente);
  • monthly (mensalmente);
  • yearly (anualmente).

Exemplos:

  • He was constantly forgetting the window open. (Ele estava constantemente esquecendo a janela aberta.)
  • She was often leaving the door unlocked. (Ela estava frequentemente deixando a porta destrancada.)
  • They were always making the same mistakes. (Eles estavam sempre cometendo os mesmos erros.)

4. Para estabelecer uma relação temporal entre uma ação contínua que ocorreu no passado e o momento presente

Nesse caso, é muito comum o uso de certas expressões de tempo. Algumas das mais usadas são: by this time (por esta hora; por esta época); yesterday (ontem); last night (ontem à noite); last year (ano passado); last month (mês passado); etc.

Exemplos:

  • By this time last month, we were celebrating his graduation. (Mês passado por esta hora, estávamos comemorando a formatura dele.)
  • She is wearing a skirt today, but she was wearing a dress yesterday. (Ela está usando saia hoje, mas ontem estava usando um vestido.)
  • We were living in Miami last year. (Nós estávamos morando em Miami no ano passado).

Formação do Past Continuous: regras

O Past Continuous é formado pela união do verbo auxilar to be conjugado no Simple Past (passado simples) + -ing acrescido ao verbo principal.

Verbo To Be

Uma vez que o verbo to be é o auxiliar do Past Continuous, relembre sua conjugação no Simple Past:

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I wasI was not/ I wasn'tWas I...?
You wereYou were not/ You weren'tWere you...?
He wasHe was not/ He wasn'tWas he...?
She wasShe was not/ She wasn'tWas she...?
It wasIt was not/ It wasn'tWas it...?
We wereWe were not/ We weren'tWere we...?
You wereYou were not/ You weren'tWere you...?
They wereThey were not/ They weren'tWere they...?

Forma Afirmativa (Affirmative Form)

Para as frases afirmativas no Past Continuous a forma correta de construção frasal é:

Sujeito + Verbo to be no Simple Past + Verbo principal com –ing + Complemento

Exemplo: She was going to my house (Ela estava indo para a minha casa)

Forma Negativa (Negative Form)

Para as frases negativas utiliza-se o not após o verbo to be, sendo sua formação:

Sujeito + Verbo to be no Simple Past + not + Verbo principal com –ing + Complemento

Exemplo: She was not going to my house. (Ela não estava indo para a minha casa)

Atenção! (Pay Attention!)

Na forma negativa o verbo to be pode aparecer na forma contraída:

I wasn’t
You weren’t
He/She/It wasn’t
We weren’t
You weren’t
They weren’t

Forma Interrogativa (Interrogative Form)

Na formação das frases interrogativas, utiliza-se a seguinte construção frasal:

Verbo to be no Simple Past + Sujeito + Verbo principal com –ing + Complemento

Exemplo: Was she going to my house? (Ela estava indo para a minha casa?)

Veja a tabela a seguir com um resumo do Past Continuous.

Exemplo: verbo to go (ir)

AffirmativeNegativeInterrogative
I was goingI was not going/ I wasn't goingWas I going...?
You were goingYou were not going/ You weren't goingWere you going...?
He was goingHe was not going/ He wasn't goingWas he going...?
She was goingShe was not going/ She wasn't goingWas she going...?
It was goingIt was not going/ It wasn't goingWas it going...?
We were goingWe were not going/ We weren't goingWere we going...?
You were goingYou were not going/ You weren't goingWere you going...?
They were goingThey were not going/ They weren't goingWere they going...?

Simple Past x Past Continuous

Há diferença nos usos do Simple Past e do Past Continuous, o que causa dúvidas nos aprendizes da língua inglesa. Confira abaixo as diferenças:

Simple Past: o passado simples expressa ações ou fatos pontuais que já aconteceram no passado. Nas frases afirmativas ele não utiliza o verbo auxiliar.

No entanto, o did (passado de do) é empregado como verbo auxiliar nas frases negativas e interrogativas. Além disso, nos verbos principais regulares acrescenta-se –d, –ed ou –ied.

Exemplos:

Affirmative Form: He liked your new hair. (Ele gostou do seu cabelo novo.)
Negative Form: He did not like your new hair. (Ele não gostou do seu cabelo novo.)
Interrogative Form: Did he like your new hair? (Ele gostou do seu cabelo novo?)

Past Continuous: o passado contínuo ou progressivo expressa uma ou mais ações contínuas que estavam ocorrendo no passado.

Sua formação é sempre feita com o verbo auxiliar to be conjugado no Simple Past, seja nas frases afirmativas, negativas ou interrogativas.

Ao verbo principal é acrescido o –ing. Essa partícula é semelhante ao nosso gerúndio –ando (andando), –endo (comendo), –indo (rindo).

Exemplos:

Affirmative Form: You were studying when he called. (Você estava estudando quando ele ligou.)
Negative Form: You were not studying when he called. (Você não estava estudando quando ele ligou.)
Interrogative Form: Were you studying when he called? (Você estava estudando quando ele ligou?)

Saiba mais sobre a língua inglesa:

Vídeo

Veja o vídeo abaixo para consolidar o que você aprendeu sobre o Past Continuous.

Exercícios (Exercises)

1. Preencha as lacunas com o Past Continuous dos verbos em parênteses:

a) She _______ (watch) TV when he called.
b) When the phone rang, they _______ (write) a letter.
c) He ______ (study) while she _______ (make) dinner.
d) ______ (you/speak) English?
e) He _______ (play/not) football.

a) She was watching TV when he called.
b) When the phone rang, they were writing a letter.
c) He was studying while she was making dinner.
d) Were you speaking English?
e) He was not playing football.

2. Qual das frases abaixo está no Past Continuous?

a) I was not at home when she arrived.
b) My father was worried about your job.
c) Melissa and Juan are happy.
d) We have been being lovers.
e) I was being evil with my mom.

Alternativa e) I was being evil with my mom.

3. Conjugue o verbo to be na forma afirmativa do Past Continuous:

I was being
you were being
he/she/it was being
we were being
you were being
they were being

4. Complete as frases abaixo com o Past Continuous ou com o Simple Past:

a) Tom ________ (to get) ready when Gina _______ (to arrive).
b) When I _______ (to get) home last night my mother ___________ (to prepare) dinner.
c) We ____________ (to watch) a movie when the doorbell _______ (to ring).
d) He ___________ (to walk) the dog when he _______ (to meet) his sister.
e) They ________ (to leave) the concert while the singer ______ still _______ (to sing).

a) Tom was getting ready when Gina arrived.
b) When I got home last night my mother was preparing dinner.
c) We were watching a movie when the doorbell rang.
d) He was walking the dog when he met his sister.
e) They left the concert while the singer was still singing.

Daniela Diana
Daniela Diana
Licenciada em Letras pela Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp) em 2008 e Bacharelada em Produção Cultural pela Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) em 2014. Amante das letras, artes e culturas, desde 2012 trabalha com produção e gestão de conteúdos on-line.